Paracetamol Raw Material Reducing Fever and Relieving Pain
|Synonyms:||APAP; Panex; NAPAP; Exdol; N-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)acetamide; Acetamide,
N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-; 4'-Hydroxyacetanilide; Fevor; Paracetamol;
Korum; Acetaminophen; Dirox; G 1; 4-Acetamidophenol; Dypap; Hedex;|
Appearance & Physical State: White Solid
Density: 1,293 g/cm3
Melting Point: 168-172 °C(lit.)
Water Solubility: 14 g/L (20 ºC)
- Acetaminophen is used to relieve mild to moderate pain from
headaches, muscle aches, menstrual periods, colds and sore throats,
toothaches, backaches, and reactions to vaccinations (shots), and
to reduce fever.
- Acetaminophen may also be used to relieve the pain of
osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by the breakdown of the lining of
the joints). Acetaminophen is in a class of medications called
analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics (fever reducers). It
works by changing the way the body senses pain and by cooling the
Acetaminophen is used to relieve many kinds of minor aches and
pains—headaches, muscle aches, backaches,toothaches, menstrual
cramps, arthritis, and the aches and pains that often accompany
The usual dosage for adults and children age 12 and over is 325-650
mg every four to six hours as needed. No more than4 grams (4000 mg)
should be taken in 24 hours.
Because the drug can potentially harm the liver, people who
drinkalcohol in large quantities should take considerably less
acetaminophen and possibly should avoid the drug completely.
For children ages 6-11 years, the usual dose is 150-300 mg, three
to four times a day. A physician should recommenddoses for children
under age 6 years.
Paracetamol Oral Use
Paracetamol Side effects
Acetaminophen causes few side effects.
The most common one is lightheadedness. Some people may
experiencetrembling and pain in the side or the lower back.
Allergic reactions occur in some people, but are rare.
Anyone whodevelops symptoms such as a rash, swelling, or difficulty
breathing after taking acetaminophen should stop taking thedrug and
get immediate medical attention. Other rare side effects include
yellow skin or eyes, unusual bleeding orbruising, weakness,
fatigue, bloody or black stools, bloody or cloudy urine, and a
sudden decrease in the amount ofurine.